Even though, general mortality diminished
from 4.8 per 1,000 inhabitants (1994) to 4.1 (2003). Mortality due to
non communicable diseases and conditions increased and has displaced
infectious diseases as the main causes of death. In 2003,
cardiovascular diseases presented highest death rates in the country;
9.% of all deaths were due to â€œother forms of heart diseasesâ€. The next
causes of death in importance were cardiovascular diseases and diabetes.
2003, death certificates showed that deaths due to motor vehicle
accidents, accidental falls and violence, were three, five and eight
times more frequent in men than in women of same age group. However,
deaths caused by malnutrition and anemia were more frequent in women
than in men (351 vs. 336; 262 vs. 226, respectively). Acute respiratory
diseases occupy the first place, and are followed by food-borne
illnesses (diarrheic diseases) and vector-borne diseases (mainly
malaria and dengue fever) among mandatory notification diseases.
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